Water Sensitive Urban Design: A Sustainable Design Approach To Reform Open Spaces in Low-Income Residential Rehabilitation Projects in Egypt

Usama A. Nassar, Hosam S. El-Samaty, Ahmad A. Waseef


Urban communities and cities often evolved alongside the rivers or coasts of the sea, the water element was always important and influential in shaping the visual and urban character. Neglecting such natural resource in urban development has a bad impact on city's economic, ecological and visual values and subsequently, on the rights of next generations. Moreover, programs of urban transformation and development in low-level residential projects suffer from random policies and blurred strategies which ignore natural and social opportunities. This requires new approaches which in turn comes out of an integrated strategy based on a multi-dimensional approach to solve the problem. Among them is Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD). which is a methodology that depends on respecting an important environmental natural resource "Water" and is oriented to use water more effectively and integrating water cycle with built environment.

The research will examine practically the efficiency of WSUD in reforming governmental rehabilitation housing projects, alongside with the urban rehabilitation standards. An urban residential area in Port Said coastal city will be selected for implementing this study. A proposed framework –from WSUD with urban rehabilitation standards– will be extracted to improve the quality of this area with its built context in order to alter water from being a potential nuisance into a valuable resource. Through Developing Design guidelines for WSUD implementation potentials, the study will reach developing actions on the urban and built level, to help assessing the validity of the proposed design guidelines in the light of WSUD contributions with rehabilitation process.


Water Sensitive Urban Design; Open Spaces; Low-Income Housing; Residential Rehabilitation; Port Said

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